The Role of Installment Loans in Building Credit

The Role of Installment Loans in Building Credit

Installment loans can be a valuable tool for building credit in Canada. These loans, which include personal loans, car loans, and mortgages, require borrowers to make regular, fixed payments over a specified period. When managed responsibly, installment loans can positively impact your credit score in several ways.

  1. Establishing a Credit History: For individuals with little to no credit history, taking out an installment loan can be an effective way to start building credit. Lenders report your payment history to credit bureaus, helping to establish a track record of responsible borrowing. This is crucial for those new to credit, such as young adults or recent immigrants.
  2. Improving Payment History: Payment history is the most significant factor in determining your credit score, accounting for about 35% of the total. Consistently making on-time payments on an installment loan demonstrates reliability to lenders. Each timely payment adds positive information to your credit report, boosting your credit score over time.
  3. Diversifying Credit Mix: Credit bureaus favor a diverse credit portfolio. Having a mix of credit types, such as installment loans and revolving credit (like credit cards), can improve your credit score. An installment loan adds variety to your credit mix, which accounts for 10% of your credit score.
  4. Reducing Credit Utilization: While credit utilization mainly pertains to revolving credit, maintaining low balances on installment loans relative to the original loan amount can also be beneficial. It shows that you’re effectively managing debt without maxing out your available credit, positively influencing your credit profile.
  5. Long-Term Credit Benefits: The longevity of your credit accounts plays a role in your credit score. Successfully managing an installment loan over several years demonstrates long-term financial responsibility. Even after the loan is paid off, the positive payment history remains on your credit report for up to ten years, continuing to enhance your credit score.


Installment loans, when used wisely, are a powerful tool for building and maintaining good credit. By establishing a credit history, improving payment history, diversifying your credit mix, reducing credit utilization, and providing long-term benefits, these loans can significantly contribute to a healthier credit profile. Ensure timely payments and responsible borrowing to maximize the credit-building potential of installment loans. For more information visit esnat.